Mount Bromo, an active volcano located in East Java, Indonesia, is one of the most iconic and breathtaking destinations in the country. Known for its otherworldly landscapes, stunning sunrises, and cultural significance, Bromo offers a unique adventure for travelers. This guide will take you through everything you need to know to make the most of your visit to this majestic natural wonder.

Getting to Bromo

✈️ The nearest major city to Mount Bromo is Surabaya, which has an international airport (Juanda International Airport). From Surabaya, you can take a bus or hire a private car to reach the town of Probolinggo, the main gateway to Bromo. From Probolinggo, you can take a local bus or a shared jeep to Cemoro Lawang, the village closest to Bromo.

🚗 By land: if you prefer traveling by land, you can take a bus or train from Surabaya to Banyuwangi. The journey takes approximately 6-7 hours by train and around 7-8 hours by bus. Once in Banyuwangi, you can hire a car or join a tour to reach the base of Ijen Crater. There are also tours who starts from Malang.

When to Visit ☀️

The best time to visit Mount Bromo is during the dry season, from April to October. During this period, the weather is relatively stable, with clear skies that are perfect for sunrise views. However, Bromo is a popular destination year-round, so expect crowds, especially during weekends and holidays.

What to Bring 🚨

  1. Warm clothing: Temperatures can drop significantly, especially during early morning treks.
  2. Comfortable hiking shoes: Essential for walking on uneven terrain.
  3. Flashlight or headlamp: Useful for early morning hikes in the dark.
  4. Snacks and water: Limited food options are available on the trek.
Guide or not guide?
Bromo walk

If you are an experienced hiker with good skills and familiarity with volcanic environments, you might feel comfortable tackling the hike on your own. If not, we recommend you to hire a guide for different reasons :

  • Safety: a guide can help you navigate the terrain safely, especially the descent into the crater.
  • Local knowledge: our guide was a Tengger. Tengger are the indigenous ethnic group who live in this National Park for over 600 years. This community has maintained its distinct cultural and religious practices since then, making them a unique and enduring presence in the area.
  • Logistics: a guide can handle the logistics of the trip, including transportation from your accommodation to the trailhead and back.

We decided to take a guide and we can only recommend Indo Travel Team. Our guide was amazing, sharing his firsthand knowledge and incredible stories as a Tengger, which added a unique and deeply insightful perspective to our adventure.

Sunrise, where to go?

There are several excellent spots to enjoy this breathtaking view. Here are the best places to watch the sunrise at Bromo:

  • Mount Penanjakan: The most popular and highest viewpoint, offering a panoramic view of Mount Bromo, Mount Semeru, and the Sea of Sand. Arrive early to secure a good spot as it can get crowded.
  • King Kong Hill: An alternative to the main viewpoint, offering similar stunning views with fewer crowds. It’s a great spot if you prefer a quieter experience.
  • Bromo crater: the best way to enjoy the sunrise by yourself. The hike up to the crater is relatively short but can be physically demanding due to the steep incline and loose volcanic sand.

We picked the Bromo crater and the feeling to be by yourself with the volcano was incredible. Usually all the tours start by watch the sunrise from Mount Penanjakan or King Kong Hill, and then hike to the Bromo crater afterward. By doing it in the other way around you will have all spots with only few people.

To reach any of the viewpoints, you need to start early, around 3:00 AM.

Exploring the Sea of Sand

The Sea of Sand, also known as Lautan Pasir, is a unique desert-like landscape that adds to Bromo’s allure. You can explore this area on foot or by jeep. The barren, moon-like terrain offers fantastic photo opportunities and a sense of adventure as you navigate the vast expanse.

Whispering Sand (Pasir Berbisik)

The Whispering Sand, known locally as « Pasir Berbisik, » is a unique and mesmerizing part of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. This area is named for the soft, whispering sound the wind makes as it blows over the fine volcanic sand dunes. This vast expanse of fine volcanic ash and sand stretches out across the caldera, creating a desert-like landscape at the foot of the active volcano.

Cultural Significance

Mount Bromo holds significant cultural importance for the Tenggerese people, who inhabit the region. They believe that the volcano is sacred and hold an annual festival called Yadnya Kasada. During this festival, offerings such as rice, fruits, and livestock are thrown into the crater as a form of worship and gratitude to the gods. If you visit during this time, you can witness this unique cultural event and gain deeper insight into the local traditions.

Photography Tips
  • Lenses:
    • Wide-angle lens: For capturing expansive landscapes and dramatic perspectives.
    • Telephoto lens: To zoom in on distant details like Mount Semeru’s peak or the crater.
    • Tripod: Essential for low-light conditions, long exposures, and stable shots.


A trip to Mount Bromo is an unforgettable adventure that combines natural beauty, cultural richness, and a sense of wonder. Whether you’re there to witness the sunrise, trek to the crater, or explore the unique landscapes, Bromo offers an experience like no other. Plan your visit well, respect the environment and local culture, and you’re sure to have a memorable journey! 

And if you want to explore more volcanoes, head straight to Ijen crater (we got you covered there as well 😉), home to the world’s most acidic lake—an epic destination in Java.

Bon voyage !!! J&T

King Kong View Point